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The Battle of Malazgird was fought on 26 August 1071 between the Seljuk Empire and the Byzantine Empire near Malazgird in present-day Mas Province, Turkey. The Byzantines were defeated in this battle and the emperor Romanos IV was captured, thereby reducing Byzantine authority in Anatolia, and Armenia, and paving the way for Anatolia to be annexed by the Turks.
The Malazgird defeat spelled disaster for the Byzantines. This resulted in a civil war and an economic crisis that reduced the Byzantine Empire’s ability to defend its borders. As a result, the Turks began to enter central Anatolia in large numbers. By 1080, the Seljuk Turks had conquered an area of about 78,000 square kilometers (30,000 sq mi). Watch Malazgirl 1071 With English Subtitles
It took three decades for Alexios I to bring stability to Byzantium by eliminating internal turmoil. Historian Thomas Enbridge says: “In 1071 the Seljuks destroyed an imperial force at the Battle of Malazgirda (in eastern Asia Minor), and although historians no longer regard it as a terrible disaster for the Greeks, it was a painful setback.” This was the first time in history that a Byzantine emperor had defeated a Muslim emperor. be imprisoned witch Malazgirl 1071 With English Subtitles
Although the Byzantine Empire remained strong during the Middle Ages, it began to decline due to military weakness during the reigns of Constantine IX and Constantine X. The decline was somewhat prolonged by military reforms during the brief two-year reign of Isaac I. The Byzantines first engaged the Seljuks when the Seljuk Turks attempted to seize the Armenian capital of Ani during the reign of Constantine IX. Watch Malazgirl 1071 With English Subtitles
Constantine made a treaty with the Seljuks that lasted until 1064. They then captured Ani and in 1067 captured the rest of Armenia, including Caesarea.
Romanos IV came to power in 1068 and after some rapid military reforms put Manuel Comnenus in charge of the campaign against the Seljuks. Manuel captured Manbij in Syria. He then repulsed a Turkish attack on Konya, but was then defeated and captured by Sultan Alp Arsalan. Despite the success, Alp Arsalan made a peace treaty with the Byzantines in 1069. At that time, the Fatimids of Egypt became his main opponents. Watch Malazgirl 1071 With English Subtitles
In February 1071 the Romanos sent envoys to Alp Arsalan to renew the treaty. The Sultan agreed.  Lifting the siege of Edessa, he marched on Fatimid-held Aleppo. Romanos marched a large army into Armenia to recapture the fortress, breaking the peace treaty. Watch Malazgirl 1071 With English Subtitles
Romanos’ opponent Andronicus Doukas was also with him. This force consisted of about 5,000 regular Byzantine soldiers from the western provinces and an equal number from the eastern provinces. There were 500 Franks and Normans under Rosell de Baileul. There were also some Oghuz Turks, Pecheng, and Bulgarian warriors. The infantry was under the duke of Antioch. There was also a contingent of Georgian and Armenian troops. As well as some soldiers of the Varangian Guards. In all, the strength of the force was 40,000 to 70,000
Alp Arsalan led the Seljuk Turks to victory.
The journey through Asia Minor was long and arduous. Romanos’ popularity among the troops decreased due to bringing his own luxury luggage. Also, the local populace was suffering due to the depredations of his Frankish warriors and he did not depose them. They reached Theodosiopolis in June 1071.
They’re some of the emperor’s generals advised to enter the Seljuk territory, launch an expedition and defeat Alp Arsalan before he was ready. Others, including Nicephorus Bryennius, proposed to wait and strengthen their position. But in the end, it was decided to go ahead. Watch Malazgirl 1071 With English Subtitles
Assuming that Alp Arsalan was far away or not approaching, Romanos advanced toward the lake. He thought he could quickly take possession of Malajgird. Alp Arsalan was already in the area. He was accompanied by his allies and 30,000 cavalries from Aleppo and Mosul. Although Romanos was unaware of Alp Arsalan’s actions, Alp Arsalan’s spies discovered Romanos’ exact location. Watch Malazgirl 1071 With English Subtitles
After making peace with the Byzantines, the Seljuks planned an invasion of Egypt. But after Alp Arsalan received news of the Byzantine advance in Aleppo, he marched north to confront the Byzantines.
Romanos ordered his general, Josephus Tarkeniotes, to march towards Khaliat with some regulars, Varangians, and Pecheng and Frankish warriors, and he marched towards Malazgird with the rest of the force. As a result, the force’s capacity is halved. According to Muslim sources, Alp Arsalan defeated the forces of Joseph Tarkeniotesk. However, there is no mention of this in Roman sources. watch more